The Sykes-Picot Agreement, signed in secret between France and England in 1916 and leaked to the communist press a year later, justified the division of ottoman territories into several spheres of influence. The agreement included Russian and Italian spheres of influence in Anatolia, but focused in particular on the division of the Levant and Mesopotamia between the French who would occupy Syria, Lebanon and Alexandria and the British who would manage present-day Jordan and Iraq. Palestine was left as an international zone. This more or less corresponded to the Balfour Declaration of 1917, a document by which the British had promised Baron Rothschild and the Zionist movement the creation of a “Jewish national homeland” in Palestine. At the San Remo conference (from 24 to 25 A Franco-British oil agreement was also concluded in agreement with France, which represents 25% of Iraqi oil and favorable oil transport conditions, in exchange for the integration of Mosul into the British mandate of Iraq. It was convened after the February conference in London, where the Allies met to discuss the division of the Ottoman Empire and the negotiation of agreements that were to become the Treaty of Sèvres. While Transjordan was not mentioned during the discussions, three months later, in July 1920, the French defeat of the Syrian Arab kingdom sparked the British need to know “what is `Syria`, for which the French obtained a mandate at San Remo?” and “Does Transjordan lock it up?”  – it then decided to apply a policy of association of Transjordan with the Palestinian territory, but not to apply the special provisions that were to offer the Jewish people west of the Jordan a national homeland[b][c][d][d][e] – and the French proclaimed on August 31, 1920 Greater Lebanon and other states of its Syrian mandate. For France, San Remo`s decision meant that most of its claims were internationally recognized in Syria and that relations with Faisal were now subject to French military and economic considerations. Britain`s ability to limit French action has also been significantly reduced.  France issued an ultimatum and intervened militarily in the Battle of Maysalun in July 1920, depressing the Arab government and withdrawing King Faisal from Damascus in August 1920.