However, in this scenario, trade in goods between the rest of the UK and the EU would be much steeper. There would also be new barriers to trade moving from Britain to Northern Ireland. This is because, in the absence of a trade agreement, the UK would revert to the WTO`s trade terms with the EU, as this protocol does not contain substantive rules for trade in goods between the EU and the UK, with the exception of Northern Ireland. The previous “backstop” did so and this “backstop” could not be abandoned without the agreement of the EU and the United Kingdom. On 23 January 2020, the UK Parliament approved the draft European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020. If the United Kingdom adopted the EU on the 31st The Withdrawal Agreement must be ratified by both the United Kingdom and the EU. Ratification by the United Kingdom requires the approval of the VA and the House of Commons and the adoption of laws transposing VA into Uk law. Ratification by the EU requires the approval of the VA in a request for approval from the European Parliament and the final approval of the Council of the EU by a highly qualified majority. Boris Johnson signed the Brexit withdrawal agreement in Downing Street. .