All posts for the month April, 2021

However, there is a remedy for this problem if you find that you do not have a lease and that your tenants pose problems to you that justify their eviction. Despite the absence of a rental agreement, we are still able to find you a quick and legal eviction solution without you having to take action that may not be legal. But now, just a few days after I moved out, my parents tried to chase him away to pay back the bail, and he refuses to pay it back on the grounds that the $250 had to cover the damage on his carpet. As I said before, however, there was never a written agreement, but even though it was implied by a verbal agreement, he had never told me to pay the cleaning fee (again, he had ample opportunity to call a cleaning service if he wanted to and I would have paid for it, but it was obviously so insignificant that you could not even see a spot. Although a tenant retains rights and protection, landlords should not allow a tenant to reside on their property in the absence of a written agreement, as they are exposed to a significant risk. In this case, a tenancy agreement protects not only the tenant, but also the landlord. If you are considering an argument or are trying to reach a verbal agreement with your tenant or landlord, you can get help from your nearest citizen council. Although, as you can see, there will be a lease, and the parties will always have rights and duties – this is not a satisfactory situation. If there is no rental agreement, the landlord is not entitled to deduct money from the tenant`s deposit, even if the tenant left the property completely in the first place. The tenant may not have paid the rent or damaged the property. The housing agreement could have been informal and there would therefore have been no lease, for example if the tenant was previously a friend or partner.

Your landlord may charge a fee for changing your lease. They can only overwhelm you if you have asked for the change. If your landlord charges you for a change you didn`t ask for, you can get the money back or report it to business standards. Although an oral tenancy agreement is not particularly safe or intelligent for landlords or tenants, it is important to understand that it is still a legally binding contract and that tenants and landlords or legal protection rights are still in place. Often, in family situations, a court will find that there is no intention to create legal relationships, so there will be no lease. Whether you have a lease or not, you are also entitled to I rented a house in May and they want us to rent for a year and give us a contract without a contract, but they are selling the house as I can, because the understanding was that we would be renting for a year. I`m not late on when they sell the house, I always get to rent it until my deal is up.please help. I got the news that they got us a contract to sign.

Want to help me, I currently live in an apartment with a roommate and the owner who owned the apartment stopped and has not paid his mortgage or his HOA fees for some time. He had made a verbal agreement with myself that I would not have to pay rent as long as I went to school and maintained the place. This has happened. Now that he has been arrested, he must serve time in prison, he has decided to get rid of the place that leaves me and the roommate, to leave the property.

Walmart Credit Card Agreement

4. Use your Walmart Visa gift card. You can use your Walmart visa card to shop wherever visa cards are accepted in the United States (except gas pumps), with the exception of Puerto Rico and other U.S. territories. To pay for purchases from merchants who accept visas® debit cards, you must use it as a credit card by selecting the “credit” payment option and subscribing the sales receipt. The Walmart visa payment card does not work with debit payment systems that require a personal identification number (PIN). You can use your Walmart Visa gift card as often as you like to get goods and services up to the value of the Walmart Visa gift card. Each time you use your Walmart Visa gift card, we distinguish the transaction amount from the remaining value associated with the Walmart Visa Gift card. To avoid fraudulent or illegal use, we may refuse certain transactions on your Walmart Visa gift card.

The Walmart Visa gift card cannot be used to obtain cash, except for gambling or illegal activities, or to make regular and pre-authorized payments to third parties, such as staggered payments, subscriptions or monthly contributions. 16. Resignation. We may suspend your Walmart Visa gift card and your ability to use your Walmart gift card at any time for a legitimate reason, for example. B if we suspect possible fraud or suspicious activity. We can cancel a Walmart Visa gift card and your use of the Walmart Visa gift card at any time and for any reason. If we advertise your Walmart visa gift card or announce it and do not provide a replacement or replacement card upon request, we will return the remaining value to you on the Walmart Visa Gift card unless it is prohibited by law. To the extent permitted by law, you agree to pay the legal fees and collection costs incurred in recovering the money you owe us and to enforce our rights under that agreement. 7. Internet and phone purchases.

For purchases on online, email and phone orders, you must register your Walmart visa card with before making a transaction over the Internet, by email or by phone. If you need more information about our troubleshooting procedures, go This agreement explains that we can provide communications, agreements and disclosures electronically (by email or on our website) rather than on paper. If you have a Walmart MoneyCard Plus card (including NASCAR®, Visa | NFL Team, Mossy Oak® and Create Your Own Card) or Walmart MoneyCard Preferred Card, you must accept this agreement to be able to use your card`s online features, including online bill payment, send money and MoneyCard Vault. Walmart MoneyCard Cardholder Agreement – This agreement applies to all Walmart MoneyCard Cash-Back cards purchased from a Walmart store on May 4, 2020 or purchased on April 23, 2020 or after April 23, 2020. 21. SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES AND CLAIMS (INCLUDING ARBITRATION). General/requirement of simplicity. PLEASE READ THIS PROVISION CAREFULLY. IF YOU DO NOT SEND US THE REFUSAL NOTIFICATION DESCRIBED BELOW, THIS PROVISION APPLIES TO YOUR WALMART GIFT CARD AND MOST DISPUTES BETWEEN YOU AND US ARE SUBJECT TO AN INDIVIDUAL ARBITRATION PROCEDURE. THIS IS THAT: (1) NEITHER A COURT NOR A JURY WILL RESOLVE ANY SUCH; DISPUTE; (2) YOU WILL NOT BE INVOLVED IN A SIMILAR CLASS OR PROCEEDING ACTION; (3) THERE WILL BE LESS INFORMATION AVAILABLE; AND (4) THE RIGHT OF APPEAL IS LIMITED. This provision replaces all existing arbitration provisions with us and remains in effect, regardless of what happens with your Walmart Visa gift card, including termination.

On request, unless otherwise stated below, you and we must individually settle any dispute or claim between you; and we, our affiliates, agents, Walmart and/or any company that provides services related to your Walmart Visa gift card, on the other hand, if the dispute or right comes from or relates to your Walmart Visa gift card.

Vanguard Agreements

In accordance with Section 512 (c) (2) of the Copyright Revision Act, as enacted by the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, Vanguard designates an agent as described below to receive notifications of alleged copyright infringement in the mail: Pamela Crocker, Senior Counsel, The Vanguard Group, Inc., P.O. Box 2600, V-216, Valley Forge, PA 19482-2600. The designated copyright manager can also be reached by phone at (610) 669-6100 and by email at Read the terms and conditions of use below (“Terms of Use”) carefully before the portal page and its national commercial websites, including,, and (together “website”). By using this site, you agree to abide by these Terms of Use and to be bound to them. If you don`t agree, don`t use the site. Other agreements. If you are currently a Vanguard customer, these terms of use complement and reference all other agreements you have with Vanguard. If there is a conflict between these terms of use and other agreements you have with Vanguard (“Other Agreements”), these other agreements take control.

When a loved one dies: A checklist to deal with financial issues Although ETFs and investment funds have many similarities, there are some distinctive features that can make ETFs more attractive to some investors, including: Focus on estate planning: the importance of the designation of Kit recipients. Vanguard Contracts offers integrated design and project management for fitness, refurbishment and construction projects and is at the forefront in all sectors of the UK. We consistently offer tailored fitness services in all sectors to meet the specific requirements of our customers, to ensure that your budget goes further and offers you a significant return on your investment in our services. The Vanguard team strives to understand your business in order to work towards a common goal, avoid delays and take steps by taking the pressure of your team by leading the concept process to completion. Loading funds do not have a transaction fee. However, the fund company may charge a sales fee (“Load”) if you buy or sell the fund. Please check a fund`s prospectus to determine the burden on each fund. Whether individual or multi-dealer franchises, our client portfolio includes Peugeot, Hyundai, Fiat, Nissan, Seat, SMC, FG Barnes, Yeomans, Honda, Ford, Vauxhall, Formula 1 and more.

Our goal is to make your space efficient, efficient and functional as soon as it is finished. We also want the way to conclude to be a creative collaborative process, in which our industry experience will be used to create a job tailored to your business. Our turnkey work also includes complete or partial demolition. We use our know-how to pilot and plan successful projects that will be implemented on time and on budget. User license. Vanguard grants you a limited, revocable, non-exclusive, non-transferable license for use, display, storage, bookmarks, download, display, display and print pages and all content (together “Content”) within this site only for your personal and non-commercial use or expressly approved in writing by Vanguard. Vanguard reserves all rights that are not expressly granted in these Terms of Use. Add or manage an e-transfer service between your bank and your Vanguard account Update your investment fund account to a Vanguard Brokerage account The selection may seem overwhelming, but you can count on our online tools to help you sort out the details and find the right investment. . Our proactive, creative and professional approach ensures that the implementation of your project is always in good hands.

Unifor Agreement Regina

REGINA – The unifor Local 594 bargaining committee reached an interim agreement with the co-op refinery employer, 197 days after the incarceration of 730 Federated Co-operatives Limited (FCL) employees. “The preliminary agreement would have been signed a few weeks ago, but Co-op has shown its true color by continuing the lockout with punishment, now they`re going to have to try to build a dedicated and dedicated staff that won`t forget the disrespect they felt from this profitable employer,” said Scott Doherty, chief negotiator and executive assistant to Unifor`s national president. To arrange face-to-face interviews or Skype/FaceTime, please contact Unifore`s Communications Director, Natalie Clancy, at Natalie. or 416-707-5794 (cell). Details of the agreement will not be made public until union members have a ratification vote. The two sides announced the interim agreement on Thursday. CRC suspended its staff on December 5, 2019. Unifor Local 594 represents approximately 730 CRC employees. Both sides largely disagreed on pensions. Bittman blamed Thursday`s rain for the small amount of trade unionists and the moderate reaction to his announcement, but said the deal provided some relief to workers who have been facing insecurity for the past six months. He said what began with the fact that they were blocked by their employer, led to six trips to the bargaining table for him and even to death threats on the Internet. The Co-op has not spoken publicly since the preliminary agreement, but has issued a statement stating that the company is optimistic about reaching an agreement because the EU negotiating committee has provisionally accepted the agreement and will recommend it to its accession. The deal could end a six-month lockout, but while Unifor executives were happy to have a deal, they remain angry at the FCL`s negotiating tactics.

Email: or mail. “It was a union that was rejected by an employer that cost us billions behind the back, and together we fought to defend our collective agreement,” Bittman said in a press release. The union stated that the agreement was part of the defined benefit pension plan and that the company adapted the savings plan for existing workers. There are also wage improvements in the agreement. In a written statement sent Thursday morning, the union said it was working during negotiations to ensure that the return-to-work aspect of the agreement protects members from retaliation from Federated Co-operatives Limited. He would not elaborate on the agreement, but confirmed that both parties had developed a return-to-work protocol. Due to new measures for COVID-19, he said some employees may need up-to-date training, but they will return to work next week. The new seven-year collective agreement provides for a selection of retirement plans to which workers must contribute. To arrange interviews with Kevin Bittman, please contact Local 594 Chief Shop Steward Richard Exner at or 306-530-9965. The 730 members of Unifor 594 had been at the picket line since 5 December, but will return to work in the coming weeks, in accordance with the return-to-work contract of the new contract. Federated Co-operatives Ltd. (FCL) and unifor Local 594`s negotiating committee have reached an interim agreement to end the lockout of the Co-op (CRC) refinery complex in Regina.

Trips Agreement Date

The registration of a trademark using a geographical indication in a manner that misleads the public about the true place of origin must be refused or cancelled automatically if the legislation authorizes it or at the request of an interested party (Article 22.3). The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the international organization that deals with trade rules between nations. Since February 2005, 148 countries have been members of the WTO. Countries are committed to complying with the 18 specific agreements attached to the WTO agreement. They cannot choose to be proponents of certain agreements, but not others (with the exception of some “multilateral” agreements that are not mandatory). Review of the terms of application of members Members must inform the TRIPS Council of their relevant laws and regulations. This will help the Council to review the functioning of the agreement. The ON TRIPS agreement is a minimum model agreement that allows members to more broadly protect intellectual property protection on demand. Members are free to determine the appropriate method of transposing the provisions of the agreement into their own legal and practical order. The provisions relating to the treatment of the existing object at the time a member begins to apply the provisions of the agreement are an important aspect of the transitional provisions of the AGREEMENT ON TRIPS. In accordance with Article 70.2, the provisions of the TRIPS agreement generally apply to the object that exists for the member concerned at the time of the implementation of the agreement and which is protected in that Member State on that date. With respect to copyright and most related rights, there are additional requirements.

Articles 9.1, 14.6 and 70.2 of the TRIPS agreement require WTO members to comply with Article 18 of the Berne Agreement, not only with regard to the rights of authors, but also with regard to the rights of performers and producers of phonograms. Article 18 of the Berne Agreement, as incorporated into the ON TRIPS agreement, contains the so-called retroactive rule, under which the agreement applies to all works that have not become accessible either in the country of origin, in the country where protection is protected, as well as in the country where protection is implemented. Merchant Service Agreement

The domain name of the Tmall Global site is; The domain name Taobao Marketplace is; The domain name for platform is; Dezan Shira Associates is a comprehensive service practice in China and provides business intelligence, due diligence, legal, tax, IT, HR, Payroll and Advisory Services services throughout the Chinese and Asian region. For assistance to China Business or Investment Issues in China, please contact us at or consult us at If there are any other provisions regarding measures regarding the management measures of violations of the agreement in the Tmall Global Industry Standards and Tmall Global Product Publishing Standards, then follow these provisions. The content of these rules includes the main text, all the other agreements or rules mentioned in these rules, as well as the various rules, regulations and standards that have been adopted or may be adopted in the future by Tmall Global. All rules, regulations and standards are an integral part of these rules and have the same legal value as the main text of this regulation; A member who receives benefits through inappropriate means receives a deduction of 48 (48) points for each offence, whether or not he or she has actually received a benefit. Tmall Global will permanently cease to provide goods or services to this distributor or will accept the goods or services of that member; At the same time, this member`s affiliated stores are limited by participating in Tmall`s global marketing activities for six (6) months. After registering with Tmall Global, the foreign company must open an Alipay account to receive the payment. This will attract an additional one per cent service charge for each real-time transaction. Tmall Partners helps foreign brands create and operate stores at sites such as Tmall, Tmall Global, JD, JD Worldwide and Kaola. You can help with everything from onboarding, translations, customer service, brand promotion and digital marketing.

To open an approved store, products must be registered in Hong Kong. If the distributor does not own the trademark, it must also provide proof of authorization to operate a store on the platform. To open a flagship store, products must have the corresponding trademark registrations in Hong Kong (® or ™). If the distributor holds the trademark, it must present the trademark registration certificate for its products. If the distributor is an exclusive distributor, it must also provide the letter of authorization for the sale of the products. The check of the store is carried out by a buyer through the seller and includes the verification of three (3) aspects: the conformity of the property with its description, the seller`s attitude of service, cross-border logistics. Each aspect of the store`s valuation is a dynamic index that is calculated by the average valuation of all ratings for the last six (6) months. When a buyer enters into an audit that the goods received match their description, the buyer`s credit rating is increased by one point. Tmall is an open platform with a self-service boarding system and generally does not participate in branch creation. To get the support of our Tmall business development team, please complete the application form and send it to for verification 商 发发商发关商显示为邮件发.即外直邮商.但实 税仓发为使.税仓发为使 但实.视为违规,视为为扣六分, 分扣八分扣 i.e.: Goods shipped directly abroad, but the actual delivery came from a customs warehouse in China.

The presentation of the fraud must be deliberately dishonest. Active concealment of facts with knowledge or believing the fact is also equal to fraud. There are some exceptions to the general rule “silence does not mean representation and does not mean fraud” are insurance contracts, family comparison, the contract for awarding shares in businesses, parents and children, guardians and positions that are necessary for disclosure and good faith. 3) “A” fraudulently states that “A`s estate is free of any charge.” B” then buys the property. The discount is mortgaged. “B” can either bypass the contract or insist that it be executed and that mortgage debts be repaid. The Contract Act of 1872 is a law in India that follows the British regime. It is divided into two parts, they are the general principle of the contract from sec 1 to 75 and particular types of contracts from sec 124 to 238. As with this Contract Act, all contracts are entered into if they are entered into by: Therefore, there must be an agreement and it should be enforceable by law.

“A” agrees to sell his car to “B.” but it was found that his car had been stolen, and he was not aware of the fact during the agreement. Therefore, this contract would be considered inconclusive. Consent is said to be free if not caused by – It could be buying goods from a store, using cable connection services, or installing an app on a phone, contracts are everywhere. Contracts are an integral part of life and business. Each transaction is a contract, written or oral. The Indian Contracts Act, 1872 deals with contract and contract litigation laws in India. “A” agrees to sell his house to “B.” “A” owns three houses and wants to sell his house in Haridwar. “B” thinks he`s buying his house in Delhi. Here, “A” and “B” did not agree on the same thing. Therefore, there is no approval or contract after that.

If the party who suffered the misrepresentation at the conclusion of the contract can terminate the contract, you revoke the contract within a reasonable period of time under the Specific Relief Act 1963. The misrepresentation is characterized as an innocent error that convinces other parties to enter into the contract. The “A” images, on board an English ship on the high seas, have the effect that “B” concludes an agreement by an act that amounts to criminal intimidation under the CPI. [10] “A” then sued “B” for breach of contract in Calcutta. “A” has anim. The CPI was applied[11], although its act was not punishable by English law and the CPI was not in effect at the time or place where the act was committed. Free consent of a contract is considered regular if it is not subject to some kind of coercion, inappropriate influence, fraud, misrepresentation or error.

A lease agreement is designed to protect the interests of both parties while ensuring that the property is preserved and maintained. The designation allows the tenant during the rent in a comfortable home, and the owner receives a well-maintained home after the end of the contract. You can use this agreement for all residential property within: unsecured short-term leases In England and Wales, unsecured leases are also called common law because they are subject to the underlying common law and are not regulated by the Housing Act 1988. The conditions contained in this tenancy agreement fulfil the legal obligation in Northern Ireland to give the tenant a “declaration of the conditions of tenancy”. In addition, it contains a real estate inventory of furniture that must have all rental contracts in Northern Ireland. It is important to have a written contract between a landlord and a tenant to define all the responsibilities and obligations of each party during the lease. In this way, both parties understand and accept conditions that can help avoid conflicts and disagreements in the future. As part of this AST rental agreement, the tenant has the exclusive use of his room and shares the use and equipment of the house or apartment (z.B. bathroom, toilet, kitchen and living room) with other residents of the furnished property. A copy of a private lease for renting a house or apartment in Scotland.

A lease agreement can be either for a specified period, i.e. it ends on a given date, or it can be periodic, which means that it runs from one week to the next or from month to month. Closing the lease You need two copies of the lease – one of you and the other signed by the tenant (although landlords and tenants usually sign both). If you are a landlord who feels that leases are not necessary, think again! A tenancy agreement is essential because it defines the rights and obligations between you and your tenant and, therefore, protects your property and finances. But you have to use the right lease for the right type of lease. If the lease is signed before the tenant is due to move in, it should be signed as a deed, meaning that the signatures should be certified by an independent person. The lease agreement complies with the Housing Act of 1988 (as amended) and the Rental Deposit Act and takes into account the 2005 OFT guidelines on abusive clauses in leases. You can use one of these AST rental agreements if you do not live in the unit as an owner. The two leases can be used for a single tenant who lives on the property himself or for a group of tenants who jointly occupy the property and share responsibility. A lease agreement, also known as a residential lease, short delivery contract or short-term lease, is a contract that defines the obligations and expectations of a landlord and tenant`s relationship during the lease. Are they valid? The rental right does not stand still, so it is important that your lease is up to date. All Lawpack leases are reviewed quarterly and as all forms are downloaded, you can download the latest changes immediately.

Keep it safe As soon as the lease is signed, make sure you keep your copy of the lease in a safe place. If you ever have to bring your tenant to justice, you`ll need it! Lawpack has a wide range of leases, including guaranteed short-term leases, unsecured short-term leases, private leases, leases and leases.

For the authorized party, a right of pre-emption is a kind of insurance policy that undertakes not to lose rights to an asset it wants or needs. For example, a commercial tenant may prefer to rent a site; However, he can buy the premises if it meant that he would be dislodged if the property was sold to a new owner. In such a case, the tenant would enter into his tenancy agreement through a right to the first refusal clause. In this way, if leasing becomes impossible, he would have the opportunity to buy the property before others had the chance. The rights of the first refusal are usually demanded by individuals or companies who want to see how a business or opportunity will end. The rights holder may prefer to commit at a later date rather than make the effort and commitment immediately, and a right of first refusal allows him to do so. A right of first refusal (ROFR) occurs when one party grants the other party the right to respond to any offer it receives for the purchase of its business. Many credits and supply contracts for hearing aid manufacturers contain non-negotiable ROFR clauses that give the manufacturer 30 days to respond to an offer. If they waive this right, you can sell to the original buyer; If they exercise it, you either sell them on the same terms or choose not to sell. AstraZeneca shows that the parties themselves have non-financial selection criteria for their counterparties in such a routine delivery agreement. Flaux J.

refers to AZ-Manager, according to which the third party would provide a better service and that AZ would have an advantage in its relations with the third party, since AZ would be its main customer. In our experience, the rights of the first refusal are problematic. Let`s take the example of a reference fee that appears in a licensing agreement for field 1 (Krebsfeld). A (the licensee) grants b (licensed) a right in advance if A decides to license the product in box 2 (for example. B as a product of hair restoration). Before AB served its termination notification to AZ, it had attempted to store DIP by taking orders with AB, which had not been delivered. Az initiated proceedings in which it claimed that AB had committed a violation of the repudiation, which AZ was seeking to terminate and claim damages. AB rejected the allegation.

AB submitted that any liability was limited by an exclusion clause in the agreement. However, AZ argued that ab could not invoke the clause, as its violation was intentional and contrary. In the case of venture capital transactions, the right of pre-emption is a term that allows existing investors in a company to accept or refuse the acquisition of shares offered by the company before third parties have access to the transaction.

Subject Agreement Indefinite Pronoun

Pronouns like everyone else, no more, none and some take their meaning from the word to which they refer (which is often found in a sentence after the pronoun): Remember also that some indeterminate pronouns adopt singular verbs, while indeterminate plural pronouns take plural forms. Note the difference between the singular that everyone needs and the plural that many need. Click here for more information on the verb agreement. Indeterminate pronouns can be like collective, singular or plural nouns, depending on how they are used in a sentence. Some indeterminate pronouns take a singular verb; Indeterminate plural pronouns take a plural verb. Here are some guidelines to follow: English English follows the same rules of agreement, but there are subtle differences in usage. For example, our neighbors on the other side of the pond consider the words plural society and government instead of singular nouns. Some of the undefined pronouns (z.B. everything, everyone, others) are always unique. They are also generally included – that is, they refer to men and women. If these singular pronouns are used as inclusive precursors, the pronouns that refer to it must be both individually and inclusive: note: In language and informal writing to avoid doing so or declining them, people often use the included plural pronoun they use or one of their forms with a single precursor: because a sentence does not resemble “Neither my brothers nor my father will sell the house in any particular way”. , it is probably a good idea to bring the plural theme closer to the verb whenever possible.

However, if the precursor is an indeterminate pronoun, specific problems may arise. Follow the guidelines below to agree on a pronoun with an indeterminate predecessor. Not every student has homework. Although the student noun is plural, the indefinite pronoun is unique, so you cannot use the possessive plural. Use the unique, gender-neutral owner. Should the verb that follows an indeterminate pronoun be singular or plural? Well, it depends! Some indeterminate pronouns are always singular and therefore take a singular verb, while others are always plural and therefore accept a plural verb. But some can be either singular or plural depending on the context. It`s disconcerting! Sometimes an indeterminate pronoun is followed by a preposition sentence like this: the nobisses. Beware of that kind of phrase. Indeterminate and possessive pronouns have yet to agree by number. It doesn`t matter if the name in the name is singular or plural.

Look at the following examples to gain a better understanding of the use of this type of expression. Subjects and verbs must be among them in numbers (singular or plural) together AGREE. So if a subject is singular, its verb must also be singular; If a subject is plural, its verb must also be plural. You will find additional help for the agreement between themes in the Pluriurale section. Don`t get confused by the word “students”; the subject is everyone and everyone is always singular Everyone is responsible. Some indefinite pronouns (z.B. all, most, none, some) can be either singular or plural. Typically, these pronouns are followed by a preposition phrasing that contains the name to which they refer. To find out if the indefinite pronoun is singular or plural, look at the name in the sentence: some of these pronouns are always singular or always plural. However, some may change their number – they can be either singular or plural depending on the context.

Verbs in contemporary form for third parties, s-subjects (him, them, them and all that these words can represent) have s-endings. Other verbs do not add s-endings. Pronouns are neither singular nor singular and require singular verbs, even if they seem, in a certain sense, to refer to two things.