After ten years of further negotiations, the Lunar Treaty was established in 1979 as a framework for legislation for the development of a system of detailed procedures and, as such, it remained unclear: Article 11.5 stipulates that the use of natural is subject to an international regime that defines the appropriate procedures. To define this regime or these laws, a number of UN-sponsored conferences have been held, but they have not been agreed upon. Persistent differences are mainly based on the importance of the “common heritage of humanity” and on the rights of each country to the natural resources of the Moon.  The current vagueness of the agreement has given rise to different interpretations and is considered to be the main reason why most parties have not ratified it.   The agreement was ratified by a small number of countries, which was described as a failure  and without success.  Only one country (India) with independent space capabilities has signed (but has not ratified) the treaty. An expert in space and economics believes that the treaty should provide appropriate provisions against any company that acquires a monopoly position in the global mineral market, while avoiding the “socialization of the Moon”.  Another expert praised the treaty as a sprouting legal framework for the development of necessary laws and not as a set of detailed laws.  The Lunar Treaty contains several provisions that are described in 21 articles.  Article 1 of the Treaty contains a declaration that the Moon should be used for the good of all States and peoples of the international community.  It recalls that lunar resources “are not subject to national appropriation by sovereignty, use or occupation, or otherwise.”  It also expresses the desire to prevent the Moon from becoming a source of international conflict, so that resources should be used only for peaceful purposes.
To this end, the treaty contains several provisions, some of which are described below: The treaty was concluded in 1979 and came into force in 1984 for the ratifiing parties, after fulfilling the requirement that required five states to ratify. Since July 2019, only 18 states have been parties to the 1979 lunar agreement. The frequent objection to the 1979 lunar agreement is that the 1979 lunar agreement requires that the resources obtained (and the technology used for this purpose) be shared with developing countries that have not invested funds or taken risks to enable the exploitation of lunar resources. The latest efforts culminated in June 2018, after eight years of negotiations, when the Un Committee on peaceful uses of space (COPUOS) held a high-level meeting to try to reach consensus on a framework of laws for sustainable space development, which was not the case, when S. Neil Hosenballball , NASA`s General Cousel and U.S. Chief Negotiator for the Moon Treaty. , decided to delay negotiations on the rules of the international regime until the feasibility of the exploitation of lunar resources was established.  1. States Parties take all practical measures to protect the lives and health of people living on the moon.